A shielded cable is an electrical cable of one or more insulated conductors enclosed by a common conductive layer. such as: rg6 coaxial cable, rg59+dc cable, p:http://www.fobelec.com, FTP Cat6cable and so on.The shield may be composed of braided strands of copper (or other metal, such as aluminium), a non-braided spiral winding of copper tape, or a layer of conducting polymer. Usually this shield is covered with a jacket. The shield acts as a Faraday cage to reduce electrical noise from affecting the signals, and to reduce electromagnetic radiation that may interfere with other devices. (For more, see electromagnetic interference). The shield minimizes capacitively coupled noise from other electrical sources. The shield must be applied across cable splices.
In shielded signal cables the shield may act as the return path for the signal, or may act as screening only.
High voltage power cables with solid insulation are shielded to protect the cable insulation, people and equipment.
The use of shielded cables in security systems provides some protection from power frequency and radio frequency interference, reducing the number of false alarms being generated. The best practice is to keep data or signal cables physically separated by at least 3 inches (75mm) from 'heavy' power circuits which are in parallel.
Microphone or "signal" cable used in setting up PA and recording studios is usually shielded twisted pair cable, terminated in XLR connectors. The twisted pair carries the signal in a balanced audio configuration.
The cable laid from the stage to the mixer is often multicore cable carrying several pairs of conductors.
Consumer use screened copper wire with one central conductor in an unbalanced configuration.